The couple is considered to be infertile if they have not conceived after 12 months of contraceptive-free intercourse, if the female is under the age of 34 or has not conceived after 6 months of contraceptive-free sexual intercourse, if the female is over the age of 35.
About a third of the time, infertility can be traced to the woman. In another third of cases, it is because of the man. The rest of the time, it is because of both partners or no cause is found.
After assessment by the specialist, many couples can be reassured that they do not need complex treatment, just more time with regular sex. Others may require some form of treatment to assist with conception like ovulation induction and intrauterine insemination. The most well known treatment is In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), but there are a number of other options, including life style modification, certain drugs, surgery and a range of Assisted Reproduction Technologies (ART).
In-vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process in which female partners eggs collected from their ovaries are mixed with your husband's sperms in a test tube or plastic dish with the objective of one sperm entering one egg and combining to produce one embryo. One to three embryos are then placed inside the uterus for implantation and development into one or more babies.
IVF is recommended if the patient is unable to conceive in the normal way or when other treatments have not succeeded in producing the baby that they so earnestly desire.